types of damps in coal mining

types of damps in coal mining

The Most Dangerous Gases In Mining: Damp Gases | Howden

Oct 23, 2019 · The most efficient way of preventing these gases in mines is the incorporation of high quality mining ventilation systems as well as the use of early detection devices. A dangerous mine atmosphere is one that is toxic or explosive and there are several damps that create this kind of atmosphere. They are: Firedamp. Black damp. White damp. Stinkdamp

Mine gas | mining | Britannica

Mine gas, any of various harmful vapours produced during mining operations. The gases are frequently called damps (German Dampf, “vapour”). Firedamp is a gas that occurs naturally in coal seams. The gas is nearly always methane (CH 4) and is highly inflammable and explosive when present in the air in a proportion of 5 to 14 percent.White damp, or carbon monoxide (CO), is a particularly ...

Firedamp - Wikipedia

Mar 05, 2004 · Name. Damps is the collective name given to all gases (other than air) found in coal mines in Great Britain. The word corresponds to German Dampf, the name for "vapour".. Alongside firedamp, other damps include blackdamp (nonbreathable mixture of carbon dioxide, water vapour, and other gases); whitedamp (carbon monoxide and other gases produced by combustion); poisonous,

Technical Report: Design and Evaluation of Tailings Dams ...

wastes generated by individual mining projects and by the mining industry as a whole. There are approximately 1,000 active metal mines in the United States (Randol, 1993) Many of these have at least one tailings impoundment and often several impoundments grouped together in cells.

Understanding Mining Waste Management and Disposal Methods ...

May 21, 2020 · Understanding Mining Waste Management and Disposal Methods. Mining produces a lot of waste which needs to be handled properly. Improper mining waste disposal will lead to air, soil, and water pollution. Different types of mining include landfill mining, coal mining, oil and gas extraction, metal, and non-metal ore mining.

CDC - Mining Topic - Respiratory Diseases - NIOSH

May 19, 2021 · The two main types of pneumoconioses that affect miners are coal workers’ pneumoconiosis (CWP) and silicosis. CWP, commonly called black lung, affects workers in coal mining. Silicosis can affect workers in many types of mines and quarries, including coal mines.

Prevalence of CO2 from disused mineral mines and the ...

Sep 05, 2019 · Damps. Damps is the collective name given to all gases or combination of gases (other than breathable air) found in coal mines. The word corresponds to German ‘Dampf’, the name for vapour. Various. Blackdamp. Other names: stythe, choke damp. Reduction in oxygen and increase in carbon dioxide beyond which is capable of sustaining human life.

stink damp | Electrocorp

Jul 05, 2010 · The most common mines around are coal mines, however, there are a multitude of other mines across North America. We’ll focus on coal mining for the moment. There are several hazardous “damps” (steam/vapor) that can appear in coal mines and can cause serious respiratory problems for coal mine workers.


3. Analysis of mine air, mine climate, natural ventilation, mechanical ventilation and to conduct ventilation survey Modules Teaching Hours MODULE- 1: Mine Airand Study of Fire Damps 1. Mine Air : Atmospheric air and composition of mine air, Mine Gases: - Occurrence, properties, detection, measurements and physiological effects.

(PDF) Mine wastes - ResearchGate

Types of mine waste: mine waters, tailings, sulphidic wastes Rock dumps Focus on tailings dams Tailings dam construction methods Water balance in tailings dams Tailings dam failure, with case ...

Safety lamp - WikiMili, The Best Wikipedia Reader

Safety lamp Last updated February 21, 2020 Modern flame safety lamp used in mines, manufactured by Koehler. A safety lamp is any of several types of lamp that provides illumination in coal mines and is designed to operate in air that may contain coal dust or gases both of which are potentially flammable or explosive. Until the development of effective electric lamps in the early 1900s miners ...

Tailings - Wikipedia

Coal refuse (also described as coal waste, coal tailings, waste material, culm, boney, or gob) is the material left over from coal mining, usually as tailings piles or spoil tips. For every tonne of hard coal generated by mining, 400 kilograms of waste material remains, which includes some lost coal that is partially economically recoverable.

Types of Coal Mining - FEECO International Inc.

When it comes to mining coal, there are two processes by which coal can be removed from the ground: surface mining, or underground mining. In Australia, the majority of coal mining is done via the opencast method, although often the method of choice is dependent on certain characteristics of the coal deposit 1.. The opencast, also referred to as the open-pit method, is the ideal technique when ...

Early Mining Life | Dave Learns

A miner’s shovel filled with coal could weigh in excess of 20 lbs. Miners were paid to mine coal by the ton. The coal was shoveled into cars and an average miner loaded 8 to 9 tons of coal per day and was paid on average, in the 1920’s, between 48 and 70 cents per ton. The coal was loaded into a type of rail car for transport to the outside.

12 Environmental Effects of Coal Mining - Environment 911

Coal mining is a loud, day- and night-long process that disrupts the lives of those in the surrounding communities, reduces the quality of life and can go on for decades. #11 Loss Of Wildlife. Coal mining requires a large expanse of territory. When a mining operation moves in, it invades and destroys sizable ranges of wilderness area ...

Coal Geology - Ohio Department of Natural Resources

Coal is found in the eastern third of Ohio within rocks of Pennsylvanian age (323–299 million years ago) and in the younger overlying rocks of Permian age (299–252 million years ago). The Pennsylvanian rocks of Ohio are divided into the following groups (oldest to youngest): Pottsville, Allegheny, Conemaugh, and Monongahela (click the map ...

Coal Controversy In Appalachia - NASA

Surface mining at these scales is more economical for coal companies, safer for miners, and, coal operators say, essential for mining the thin seams of lower-sulfur coal more valuable in today’s market. With dynamite and immense machines, surface mines can produce more than two to three times as much coal per miner as underground mines can.

Ed Ranks Everything: May 2020

May 30, 2020 · Mining shit! "Damps" are types of gasses that you can find in coal mines. None of them are particularly good. Odd word, right? It comes from the Middle Low German word "dampf," meaning vapor. There are five types of damps. Here they are, ranked. 5. Blackdamp (AKA Choke Damp) - Worst of all damps. The nickname of choke damp says it all.

Assessing Risks of Mine Tailing Dam Failures

thousand tailings impoundments in the U.S. alone, associated with active non-coal mining and tens of thousands of inactive or abandoned TSFs (EPA, 1994). In Hungary, more than 1,000 inactive mining waste impoundments have been identified (Inventory of closed mine waste facilities for Hungary, 2012), close to 1,900 in the United Kingdom (Potter &

Coal Mining, Kentucky Geological Survey, University of ...

Sep 18, 2019 · Coal Mining. According to the Kentucky Department of Mines and Minerals, 131.8 million tons of coal was mined in Kentucky in 2000; 62 percent (81 million tons) was from underground mines and 38 percent (50 million tons) was from surface mines. There were 264 active underground mines and 240 active surface mines in Kentucky in 2000.

Ed Ranks Everything: May 2020

May 30, 2020 · Mining shit! "Damps" are types of gasses that you can find in coal mines. None of them are particularly good. Odd word, right? It comes from the Middle Low German word "dampf," meaning vapor. There are five types of damps. Here they are, ranked. 5. Blackdamp (AKA Choke Damp) - Worst of all damps. The nickname of choke damp says it all.

Whitedamp - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedia

Whitedamp is a noxious mixture of gases formed by the combustion of coal, usually in an enclosed environment such as a coal mine. The most toxic constituents are carbon monoxide and hydrogen sulfide. Coal frequently starts to burn slowly in mines when it is exposed to the atmosphere.


Coal, once exposed to the air of a mine, naturally begins absorbing oxygen and exuding carbon dioxide and water vapor. The amount of blackdamp exuded by a mine varies based on a number of factors, including the time of year (coal releases more carbon dioxide in the summer months), the amount of exposed coal, and the type of coal, although all ...

Embankment Dam - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Apr 24, 1998 · Waste from the deep mining of coal, which is known as colliery spoil, is derived from the rocks adjacent to the coal seams, and during mining operations quantities of these rocks, unavoidably extracted with the coal or in driving the tunnels that give access to

Dams | Alberta Energy Regulator

Companies use dams to contain various types of fluids, depending on the type of energy activity. Sometimes dams contain fluid wastes, such as tailings from oil sands mining and coal mining operations. Companies build ponds and dams to keep the waste in

What are the types of coal? - USGS

What are the types of coal? There are four major types (or “ranks”) of coal. Rank refers to steps in a slow, natural process called “coalification,” during which buried plant matter changes into an ever denser, drier, more carbon-rich, and harder material. The four ranks are: Anthracite: The highest rank of coal.

Mine Permits and Mine Reclamation and Enforcement ...

Chapter 2 General Coal Mining Practices. 010 Waiving liens against privately-owned land; Chapter 7 General Provisions 001 Definitions for 405 KAR Chapter 7 015 Documents incorporated by reference 030 Applicability 035 Exemption for coal extraction incidental to the extraction of other minerals

Industrial Stormwater Fact Sheet Series Sector H: Coal ...

----- INDUSTRIAL STORMWATER FACT SHEET SERIES Sector H: Coal Mines and Coal Mining-Related Facilities A stormwater permit generally is not appropriate for the following types of coal mines: 4 Sites or parts of sites which are determined to cause or contribute to water quality standards violations 4 Active facilities and those under reclamation, which have discharges subject to effluent ...

The Buffalo Creek Flood and Disaster: Official Report from ...

2.10.2 No. 5 Mine Coal-Preparation Plant At the time of the flood, the No. 5 mine coal-preparation plant was operating two shifts a day and five to six days a week. It was processing over 5,000 tons of run-of-mine or raw coal a day, producing over 4,000 tons of clean coal and about 1,000 tons of refuse.

Drones in mining – What are the benefits and for which ...

In an open-pit mine or quarry, a drone survey refers to the use of a drone (or UAV – unmanned aerial vehicle) equipped with a downward-facing RGB camera to capture images of a site from different vantage points. Out of these images, a photogrammetry software can recreate geo-referenced 3D maps, contour lines digital terrain models or digital surface models of the mining site.

Coal Mining | Encyclopedia of Alabama

Mining operations generally followed the pattern established in other coal regions, with drift, shaft, and slope mines being the most typical types. In drift mines, miners dug into outcroppings and followed coal seams along a relatively level path. These mines were easy to navigate but produced relatively little coal.

Basic Information about Surface Coal Mining in Appalachia ...

Sep 21, 2020 · Surface coal mining involves: removing parts or all of mountaintops to expose buried seams of coal, and. "interburden" (rock between coal seams). Overburden and interburden are disposed of in adjacent valleys because the broken rock will not all fit back into the mining pit, and disposal alternatives are limited.

fire damp mining

Many Miners Entombed by Fire Damp Explosion in the Naomi Coal Mine Daily Courier Connellsville, Pennsylvania December 2, 1907 Fayette City, Dec. 2. Glossary of Mining Terminology After Damp - Gasses resulting from underground combustion, normally carbon monoxide. Tynesiders may have been given this name, a local diminutive of the name "George ...

(PDF) Experimental Study on Damage and Failure of Coal ...

Jul 01, 2021 · coal mine in western China is used as the simulation object. The workface is nearly horizontal 3-1 coal with an average thickness of 5.87 m, and the immediate roof and fl oor consist